Interview with Oscar Rueda

In the framework of the Monthly Meeting of the Tourism and Society Think Tank (TSTT) we had an interview with Mr. Oscar Rueda, Director of the Executive Presidency of the Development Bank of Latin America - CAF.

Mr. Rueda, what are the main changes that the Bank has introduced in its strategy following the impact of the pandemic?

The first was the redirection of its resources to support partner countries by creating flexible disbursement mechanisms to deal with the pandemic, both for the cost of tests and vaccines and to cushion the effects of the fiscal deficit, a consequence of greater spending in the face of fewer resources. The Bank believes that greater efforts must now be made in the fields of health and education and more must be done to help stem the effects of climate change. The new emphasis on tourism is part of its campaign to help countries recover employment and income.

In your opinion and from an economic and investment point of view: has the greatest impact of the pandemic on tourism been in the social, investment or other areas?

In the social sphere, by far, precisely because of its great capacity to generate employment, employment for young people and women, skilled and unskilled employment, because of its income redistribution effect, its capacity to generate supply in rural territories and communities in the face of urban demand. Of course, investments have come to a standstill, but they are recovering rapidly, but employment is not. The quarantines as a measure to contain the pandemic had the greatest impact on the employment generated by the tourism sector, which is why it is necessary to continue support programmes for the sector, which despite its resilience will take years to regain its annual growth rate. According to ECLAC, losses in the tourism sector between 2020 and 2023 will range between 160 and 230 billion dollars. The challenge of recovery and growth is enormous, more so than in any other sector.

How has the coronavirus affected relations between tourism businesses and institutions?

Certainly, from an economic point of view, the travel and tourism sector was hit the hardest, but it served to show its great resilience and to raise awareness of environmental protection and reposition itself to be a leader in carbon neutrality. On the other hand, relations between institutions and tourism companies were strengthened, as the former, aware of their value as a generator of employment, understood the need to support them in order to preserve them with measures to mitigate losses, subsidies, support and soft credits, and tourism became aware of the need to work more closely with the institutions. CAF in turn has found in tourism an opportunity to be the leading bank in economic reactivation.

The authors are responsible for the choice and presentation of the facts contained in this document and for the opinions expressed therein, which are not necessarily those of Tourism and Society Think Tank and do not commit the Organization, and should not be attributed to TSTT or its members.

This site uses cookies from Google to deliver its services and to analyze traffic. Information about your use of this site is shared with Google. By using this site, you agree to its use of cookies.