And with the implementing partner Tupiza Tours, through the implementation of the project "Revaluation and Development of Biocultural Community Tourism in Tupiza" in 2011, the construction of the particular approach of "Biocultural Tourism" began. But it was not until 2013, with the implementation of the Biocultural Tourism project in Torotoro, that the approach really began to take on more relevance.
The builder of this approach was proposed through the National Biocultura Programme, but it is also the genuine result of the fusion and interaction of ideas, thoughts, experiences, experiences, dialogues, teachings and learning from the different public, private, community, social, academic, non-governmental organisations, researchers and consultants in each region where work was carried out.
In this sense, based on the 1st experience of the project in Tupiza, Mérida, Sánchez, Cardona and Soliz (2013), present the first approaches to "Biocultural Tourism", referring to it as a new vision of conceiving tourism management, more integrated between the natural and cultural spheres, which aims to internalise externalities of environmental and cultural impacts generated by tourism activity (Mérida Coimbra, Sanchez Mitru, Cardona Garcés, & Solíz, 2013). They also put forward some principles of the approach. All of them, evidently, are still developing concepts.
However, it was not until 2015, where Medina and Mérida deepen the conceptualisation and guidelines of "Biocultural Tourism", indicating that: "Biocultural tourism aims to facilitate the archetypal experience of the Journey, in the context of globalisation, climate change, development and Living Well: the political, and in which geographical displacement facilitates an inner displacement, of an initiatory type, to find oneself in the face of the Other. It therefore proposes a dialogue of civilisations; a dialogue between the West and Indianity" (Medina & Mérida, 2014). In addition, they go deeper into the biotopes of biocultural tourism, some TB standards and tools, and the roles of territorial actors.
Based on these important conceptual advances, added to an interesting field experience and based on the understanding that the journey not only contemplates moving from one place to another to know and understand the diversity of people and places, but also represents an internal journey, a journey to find and understand ourselves, Biocultural Tourism represents:
Activities of endogenous, identity-based, sustainable, integral and conscious logic that people develop during their trips and stays in places different from their usual environment for a period of time of less than a year, where intercultural dialogues are generated (Knowledge & Knowledge), living experiences, emotions and authentic feelings, a conscious coexistence and a balanced coexistence between hosts, visitors and the environment, reflecting, understanding, caring and genuinely respecting our integral essence and that of the other, and therefore, actions for conservation prevail, preservation, rescue, revaluation, production and reproduction of the bio-cultural values of the territory, but also actions for its administration, enhancement and sustainable consumption, from an integrated view of the biological and cultural, science and consciousness, tangible and intangible, material and spiritual, objective and subjective, collective and individual and the self with the other, actions that should result in the growth of consciousness, becoming then an important alternative of integral and balanced development between the economic, social, cultural, environmental and spiritual.
To access the extended article, click here (spanish language)
Mariana Sánchez Mitru
Marco Antonio Abastoflor Portugal